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  1. As the industry of plc and scada softwares continue to integrate more and more programming languages into their IDE, what is the most common language that should be learned by controls engineers (excluding Ladder Logic)?  I mainly use Python and VB for scripting but I am curious what languages other SCADA and PLC programming environments use. Should I be sticking to a specific language and learning it well or just know a little bit of them all? Let me know your thoughts!!
  2. Hello, I am trying to flash an indicator light (Banner  K70LBGYRPQ ) every .5 seconds.  The PLC manual says 2.5A per channel.  The light uses roughly 113mA max current @ 24vdc.  I am using output 0 to do this (O:0/0).  I think I may have ruined the output by flashing the indicator light.  Has anyone ever experienced this before?  Is there a minimum pulse time for this PLC?  What do people normally do when wanting to flash an indicator light such as this?  This is not the first time I have seen this happen.   Thanks in advance!
  3. Newbie in the field of Automation here! I have a waste water project that requires operating 6 pumps to empty a sump. The water level in the sump is being monitored by an analog ultrasonic sensor. The analog range is divided into 5 levels; level 1 being the lowest and level 5 being the highest. The way the pumps operate is analogous to the water level, i.e., 5 pumps will run at level 5, 4 pumps will run at level 4, 3 at level 3, 2 at level 2, and only 1 pump will run at level 1. The sixth pump is used to run the pumps sequentially and that's where I need help. Basically, the pumps can not be assigned to a certain water level as this would result in the pumps at the lower level run way more as compared to the pumps assigned to higher levels. The pumps need to alternate so as to keep the running hours of each comparable. Another requirement is that say if pump 1 turns on due to water level rise and then turns off due to water level fall, and again if the water level rises, then the next pump should start instead of pump 1, and so on for the rest of the pumps. Also, if one pump goes on some kind of fault, the 6th pump comes in and runs in its stead until the fault is reset. I'm trying to come up with a ladder program to make all this happen but hoped that I could find some help online. I feel like this is a common project and there should be someone that can give me the proper solution. With thanks, Aafaq.
  4. Hello,  I am using Omron’s safety G7SA to relay 24 volt line. But the strange thing happening is that, one relay’s output is only 5 voltage, even the relay is on. I exchanged relays, it remains the same. Maybe the base socket is problematic?  Or is this just G7SA failure? 5v (exactly 4.96v) is strange. Please give me some advice.   Many thanks in advance.   Ting    
  5. What are the types of fuzzy logic syatems and it's applications? Is the fuzzy systems based on the vague value or real values? What are the real time applications of fuzzy logic. I am writing a thesis at best essay writing services on fuzzy logic and it's applications.
  6. Hey, (Programming a M224 with Machine Expert Basic) I'd like to get some input from you guys about a logical task: I have 8 contactors controlled by my PLC outputs, they heat a water boiler. throughout my operation, I require a different amount of heaters (I could move between 1-8 heaters in a single operation) I would like to scramble what contactors I put in use every time I start an operation, in order to not constantly use the same heating elements and wear specific ones out. For example, in the first stage of heating I will use contactor #1, next time I start the operation I would like to use contactor #2 and so on.. How would you approach this problem? SBR? Timers? Thanks
  7. Hi, Could anyone help me out on how to extract the digits present in a string in sysmac studio... Thanks in advance !!!
  8. I have a question regarding hazardous zone design. My control cabinet will be in safe area but I need to have e-stop and safety limit switch located in hazardous area, Div 1 Zone 1. I am assuming that I can use zener barriers or isolators between the field devices and safety relay. I just wonder if the safety relay will function properly with barriers in between? Also do I have to use 24VDC safety relay for this application? I don't know what voltage/current is present on the terminals connecting to safety devices.
  9. Hello Everyone, I am writing one logic and need some help regarding that logic.   CURRENT LOGIC -  -There are two timers TON_1 and TON_2. -TON_1 timer will start as soon as PLC turns on. -After the done bit of TON_1 timer, the TON_2 timer goes on. -After the done bit of TON_2 timer, again the TON_1 timer will start. -This logic cycle will run continuously, both timers will run turn by turn. Code (Codesys/Schneider Eco Structure Machine Expert)- PROGRAM POU_1 VAR      TON_1: TON;     TON_2: TON; END_VAR TON_1(IN:=(NOT(TON_2.Q)) , PT:= T#100S); TON_2(IN:=(TON_1.Q) AND (NOT(TON_2.Q)) , PT:= T#20S);   Actual Requirement -  -There is a BOOL tag. -If the BOOL tag gets high during the TON_1 running, the logic should move to the TON_2 immediately. -If the BOOL tag does not get high during the TON_1 running, the logic should move to the TON_2 after completion of TON_1. -after the completion of TON_2, again restart TON_1. -Logic Runs continuously in a cyclic mode.   Give me your valuable idea to fulfill the logic requirement.
  10. Hello everyone, I am new to PLC programming and will start working on Allen Bradley PLC. I have an experience in computer programming languages. Will learning ladder logic be a better option or starting with structured text as i have some knowledge about the syntax and programming of structured text?
  11. So I have a plc program where most of the outputs are based on a counter that goes from 0 to 1000. The counter speed is adjustable and is generally set to run through a full cycle (count from 0 to 1000) anywhere between 0.5 to 2 seconds. The problem is, when I try to energize an output by using an EQU instruction, it will almost always skip the count because the scan time is not fast enough. I've been using a LIM instruction which has been working, but its not quite as accurate as it needs to be. I switched the counter logic to be continuous to try to make it faster which made it almost perfectly accurate... But only in the continuous task; it made the other periodic task significantly less accurate. I was curious if any of you had any tips on how to remedy this or just general help. I am still relatively new to PLCs and ladder logic so any advice would be awesome, Thanks in advance! Edit: The purpose of the counter is to cycle through from 0 to 1000 over and over again. My outputs actuate during a certain interval within this cycle (For example I would say actuate from 300 to 800 and it would stop and end once it hit those values via an EQU or LIM instruction). I wrote the logic as follows: First I calculate how many cycles per minute I want to perform, using that value I calculate how many times I want to increment my counter per millisecond. Then a timer is given a preset of the total cycle time. While that timer is running I continuously multiply the timer's accumulated value by the "cycle count per millisecond" that I calculated earlier; the resulting value is the current count that all my outputs are based on... Hopefully that makes sense, I know it's not the best but I could not figure out a better way of doing it and I know rounding is certainly making the accuracy worse. My hardware is: Allen Bradely PLC (5069 l306erms2), 5069-ob16, 5069-ib16, and a Kinetix 5500s2 Driver for my motor(s)
  12. Hi there, I am fairly new to programming serial communications, especially with Mitsubishi PLCs. Can someone walk me through in ladder logic how to bring in ASCII to the PLC, store the data in the data registers. Then send the data out to another PC once an 'X' input is satisfied? ASCII code would go like the following: C2,0,1,123,2,ABC,3,456,CR
  13. We have been working with PLCs for long time. We used to develop PLC logic, partly test it on an emulator and test the rest on the partly energised equipment. From time to time working with computer software development (C# and JavaScript) I was always looking for something similar to unit testing in the PLC world. As I couldn't find anything at that time I've started developing own automated testing tool. Now we use this tool, which basically simulates PLC inputs in defined actions and checks expected behaviour of internal tags or/and PLC outputs. If it behaved the way we expected, it's PASS, otherwise it's FAIL. We break complex logic into small parts and create unit tests for it. By creating more of these unit tests we can test PLC logic of any complexity. The software called PLC Logic Prover and it's free at https://www.controlx.io Recently, I've been told that there is no point to develop anything new if there are already great tools on the market. Honestly, I didn't do proper research earlier, so I'm here asking the experts. What do you use to test PLC logic? What automated testing tools do you use? Is it using IO simulation or it can test logic by other means? Your replies are appreciated. Thanks, Alex
  14. Siemens IEC 60870-5-103

    Hello!, im having some troubles communicating Siemens Relay 7SJ622, with the IEC 60870-5-103 protocol, with some SEL controller, i don't have any signal of the slave relay 
  15. Siprotec Relay 7sj62

    I have 24 Siemens Siprotec relay(7sj62) which i want to communicate with Scadapack 330E (Schneider) on 103 Protocol. but every time I try to communicate it shows Slave device is failed to communicate. trying to communicating via serial (RS-485). What should i do..?? or do i need to communicate it with Siemens PLC..?? If so which PLC should use..??
  16. Good Afternoon  im a complete newbie when it comes to PLCs but have done plenty of PIC programming in the past. I've been gifted a couple of FX0s 20mr units to try to repair something I made with PICs years ago. It got damaged during a move and I can’t see well enough now to make PCBs anymore so thought that this might be a solution. The basic operation is  1. switched on 2. motor A moves till hits limit switch (X000) 3. Wait 2 seconds 4. motor reverses till hits second limit switch (X001) then once this has been completed then the following  5. Motor B turns clockwise for 30 seconds then stops  And while Motor B is turning I need Motor C to turn until hitting limit switch (X002) I then need to get it to repeat on the press of a button but I need to reverse operation of Motors B and C I am using double position relays to drive the motors so motor A is on Y000 and Y001 if I power either relay the the motor turns in that direction. Same with Motor B and C Y002 to Y005 is this something that’s possible with one of these controllers or am i going to be programming a PIC to control the PLC ?   All the various COM and powers are connected up, I can individually make every motor do what I want, but the program doesn't flow from one item to the next. but this is probably just me      
  17. A little background information here, I am trying to create a moving average so I accomplished it with the code (imaged attached) The problem i am having is the AVE instruction error bit goes true. it leaved me with a result of 1.#QAN  I did some googling and it said this is typically done when dividing by zero?? so i added a NEQ to 0 prior to loading the array. then it happened again. so i put the error bit in front of the FFL so it will stop loading the array when i get the error bit so i can see what values are in the array when it errors out. Has anyone else had this issue and what could you do to resolve it? I haven't had any luck find something that points me in the right direction. Thanks in advance for your help.
  18. Hi, I've been having a problem with my Schneider setup, and I can't seem to figure out the problem. I'm using Machine Expert Logic Builder and Vijeo 6.2, and I can't seem to download to my PLC. I can download to my HMI just fine, but my HMI comes back with the message as mentioned in the title. Also when I perform a full download, machine expert comes up with the message "Could not connect to the device for item "xx", selected target system "PLC name" is different from the connected device "HMI name". The weirdest thing is that machine expert shows my PLC just fine, but doesn't show my HMI. I have no idea what to do, as I feel like I've tried everything. The IP range is fine, subnet is fine. The driver in IO manager in Vijeo has the PLC nodename in it, so that shouldn't be the problem either. Does anyone know what to do in a situation like this? Thank you in advance!
  19. Please could you assist with the software required to download data tables from 4 off DIRIS A10 Multifunction Meters into TM221CE40R Logic Controller via TMC2SL1 Comms Cartridge using Modbus Protocol over RS485. I have downloaded the Modbus tables from Socomec but not sure how to get these into the PLC. I would really appreciate your help in achieving this. I am using EcoStruxure Machine Expert - Basic to program the PLC & DAQ Factory Developer Release for my Touchscreen. Link to Socomec Modbus tables: https://www.socomec.com/files/live/sites/systemsite/files/SCP/6_gestion_energie/diris/diris_a10/DIRIS-A-10_COMMUNICATION-TABLE_2018-01_DCG01013_MULTI.html#General
  20. Control Panel

    Is it possible to view the values / states of all inputs, outputs and workbits (e.g. 64.00 through 64.15 on Omron CQM1 PLC) on a single screen or control panel within CX-Programmer software?  I'm trying to troubleshoot some ladder logic that I wrote and need to know the values of 5 or 6 inputs/outputs/workbits simultaneously.  Having to scroll up and down through my ladder logic repeatedly does not work well with code that changes state every 5-10 seconds or so. Any help is welcome.
  21. Q03UDVCPU

    I am new with PLC's and I am learning how to work with GX Works 2. I have two questions, 1st Question: Using a Q series PLC (Q03UDVCPU) Is it possible to convert the language of a project from ladder logic to structured text? 2nd Question: If I read a project from a PLC why is it always ladder logic? Is there any way to read out structured text?
  22. Hi I'm looking for Ladder Logic code that I could use for a plastic injection molding machine.  I am willing to purchase and/or modify existing code to meet our specifications.  We have lost the Ladder Logic out of the TI/Siemens Controller on our Newbury 100 Plastic Machine so we're looking at replacing both the PLC and the HMI interface with an Automation Direct Controller.  We have the HMI Basic Code for the Newbury but not the ladder.  I've pasted the manual below for our machine.  Any assistance would be much appreicated.  The manual was too large for me to post but I've posted a document with information about how we intend to upgrade which has a little information about the machine also. Newbury 100 upgrade logging.docx
  23. Hello! I have a project where I need to use Allen Bradley PLC, it might be one of CompactLogic series. In scope of the project I need to transfer few real values to DirectLogic PLC that installed on customer side. DirectLogic PLC has installed ethernet card that support Modbus TCP, TCP/IP and UDP/IP protocols as it says on automationdirect website. I start looking for Allen Bradley PLC that support Modbus TCP or TCP/UDP protocol and did find clear information. Could you help me to find out a way how I can pass the data to directlogic PLC from CompactLogic?   Thank you in advance!   Regards, Scotty
  24. MC protocol

    Hello once again, before I'll dive into mitsu manuals, does anyone of you know if there is some special relay signaling that PLC (FX3GE) have lost communication via MC protocol? Thank you in advance